Practice Questions SS1 Government Past Questions SSCE WASCE

1.Government refers to all the following, except (a) an institution of the state (b) the process of ruling a particular community (c) the act of civil disobedience (d) the activities of decision making.

2.Government as an act of governing means the (a) activities of pressure groups and political parties (b) orders of judiciary and legislature (c) activities of parliamentary opposition (d) activities by which governmental policies are made and implemented

3.Government is the machinery established to manage the affairs of (a) rulers (b) aliens (c) the civil service (d) the state

4.The judicial organ of government is the body which (a) implements the law (b) make the laws (c) rewards law makers (d) interpretes the laws

5.Which branch of government is responsible for implementing law? (a) the judiciary (b) the executive (c) the legislature (d) local government

6.One of the branches of government as an academic field of study is (a) Judiciary (b) Public Administration (c) Zoology (d) Legislature 

7.Government as an act of governing is (a) the knowledge of political institutions and theories (b) the machinery through which the state puts its plans into action (c) the practical activity of taking decisions, implementing decisions (d) selecting or electing the persons who govern

8.The branches of government as an institution/organization of a state are; (a) political economy, public administration and local government (b) Legislature, excutive and Judiciary (c) political power, authority and co-operation (d) Executive, Public administration and Judiciary

9.Which of the following is not the function of the government? (a) provision of education (b) maintenance of relations with other states (c) defence of territory from external attack (d) provision of all the material needs of all citizens

10.Which of the following best descibes the subject matter of government? (a) Elections (b) People (c) cultural assimilation (d) Political power

11.______ is group of people living in a clearly defined territory within which a government is responsible for law and order (a) a country (b) a state (c) a nation (d) a region

12.All are features of a state except     (a) government (b) sovereignty (c) territory (d) Power 
13._____ is the freedomof the state to make and implement its decisions within its territory without external interference (a) government (b) Soveriegnty (c) Power (d) coerscon

14.______ is a body of people united by common descent and ties (a) State (b) nation (c) government (d) culture

15.Which of the following cannot exist without the element of sovereignty? (a) nation (b) society (c) state (d) government

16.A state is different from the government because (a) the state, unlike the government is permanent (b) the government is made up of powerful people (c) the state is creted by God (d) members of the government are elected

17.The supreme power of a state to make and enforce laws within its juridiction is called (a) enfranchisement (b) sovereignty (c) independence (d) nationalism

18.Power is transformed intp authority through (a) force (b) influence (c)? Legitimacy (d) prayers
The right to direct and command people is (a) authority (b) Power (c) legitimacy (d) loyalty 
19.The psychological support a regime gets from its citizen, if they believe that the regime is right and ought to be obeyed, is known (a) sovereignty (b) power (c) legitimacy (d) Authority

20.One of the following is a source of political authority (a) charismatic authority (b) Linear authority (c) Power and coercion (d) decrees
Direct democracy emanated from the (a) Greeks (b) Romans (c) Germans (d) Americans

21.All are factors that sustain a democratic government EXCEPT (a) high level of literacy (b) Free Press (c) presence of electoral malpractices (d) existence of the rule of law
In a democracy, political sovereignty resides with the (a) Judiciary (b) President (c) legislature (d) Electorates

22.The process through which people develop their political attitudes is called (a) political association (b) political socialization (c) political power (d) politicization

23.Which of the following is NOT an agent of political socialization (a) tourism (b) mass media (c) peer pressure (d) university

24.Which of the following is not a component of political culture? (a) attitudes (b) beliefs (c) emotions (d) age

25.Parochial political culture is found in the (a) china (b) former U.S.S.R (c) remotest parts of Africa and latin America (d) Britain

26._______ is the attitudes, beliefs, values and emotions of the people, which are expressed in political system (a) political socialiazation (b) political culture (c) political system (d) political forces

27.Political socialization means all the following EXCEPT the process by which (a) artisans learn their trade (b) individuals learn how to participate in politics (c) people through learning, come to understand their duties in society (d) individuals learn about the various forms of government

28.The first Agent of political socialization is the (a) Family (b) peer group (c) school (d) Mass Media 

29.Who is regarded as the father of communism? (a) Karl Marx (b) V.I Lenin (c) Benito Mussolini (d) A.V Dicey

30.A system of government which allows individual citizens to contrl the means of production and distribution is called (a) Capitalism (b) Fascism (c) Feudalism (d) totalitarianism

31.The industrial revolution in Europe resulted in (a) socialism (b) communalism (c) aristocracy (d) capitalism

32.The political arrangement which emphasises community feeling and togetherness is called (a) Socialism (b) Communalism (c) constitutionalism (d) nationalism

33.A classless society is the ultimate goal of (a) socialism (b) totalitarianism (c) capitalism (d) Feudalism

34.The highest stage of socialism is (a) Fascism (b) Communalism (c Communism (d) Feudalism
35.In a capitalist state, the society is polarized into the (a) christains and muslims (b) government and the workers (c) bourgeoisie and proletariat (d) diligent people and the lazy people

36.Production and distribution of goods and services are controlled by the state in (a) capitalism (b) mixed economy (c) socialism (d) communalism 
37.A fascist state in Europe was (a) Italy (b) Japan (c) Britain (c) France

39.Which of the following political concepts is associated with land ownership (a) Racism (b) Feudalism (c) Nazism (d) socialism

40.Fascism was a type of dictatorial government established in (a) Germany (b) Russia (c) Israel (D) Italy

41.Feudalism is a system of government, where (a) a few people monopolize the ownership of land (b) factors of productions are controlled by the capitalists (c) communal ownership of property is prevalent (d) state ownership is prevalent

42.Who among following is associated with Facism? (a) Karl Marx (b) Benito Mussolini (c) John Locke (d) Joseph Stalin

43.A totalitarian government is a government (a) that aspires to control every aspect of citizen life (b) for the masses (c) controlled by land owners (d) of the people, by the people and for the people

44.All military regimes have _____ (a) totalitarian tendencies (b) democratic traits (c) socialists goals (d) No answer

45.The rule of law refers to the priciple of (a) legality and impartiality (b) the supreme power of rulers (c) immunity of judges (d) no answer

46.Fundamental Human rights can be defined as (a) freedom enshrined in the constitution (b) provisions of the constitution of the ruling political party (c) provisions of the local government constitution (d) regulations about workers welfare

47.The principle of Rule of law was propounded by (a) Montesquieu (b) Jean Bodin (c) A.V Dicey (d) John Austin

48.______ entails the recognition of the supremacy of the law of the land, legal equality and individual liberty (a) constitution (b) constitutional development (c) rule of law (d) Public Opinion

49.Social rights can only be enjoyed by citizens in (a) capitalist state (b) socialist state (c) democratic society (d) all states

50.One of the principles of rule of law is (a) claiming of position (b) equality before the law (c) citizens above the law (d) racism

51.One of the limitation to citizen rigth is (a) competing with the president (b) type of government (c) obedience to the law of the land (d) No answer

52.A constitution whose provisions are printed and contained in one document is (a) flexible constitution (b) written constitution (c) Unitary constitution (d) Confederal constitution

53.A constitutional amendment that is cumbersome is usually described as (a) Flexible (b) Rigid (c) Unitary (d) unwritten

54.A constitution is said to be flexible if its provisions are (a) known by the rulers (b) scattered in several books (c) mainly in one document (d) easy to amend

55.The rules and regulations that guide the citizen and state is referred to as (a) constitutionalism (B) constitution (c) priciples of state (d) decree

56.Sources of constitution include the following EXCEPT (a) delegated legislation (b) Judicial precedence (c) historical facts (d) constitutional conferences

57.Which of the following countries operates an unwritten constitution (a) U.S.A (b) China (c) Great Britain (d) Nigeria

58.A written constitution does not contain the (a) amendment procedure (b) usual preamble (c) procedure for army take over (d) Party system

59.        Is an example of political socialization (a) political parties (b) family (c) mass media (d) chjrch

Instruction: Answer five (5) questions only
(a) Define the following (i) State (ii) Government (iii) Nation (iv) Sovereignty (b) Explain government as an academic field of study (c) Mention four (4) functions of a modern government
(a) Mention 4 factors that can limit the sovereignty of a state. (b) Differentiate between �Power� and �Authority�
(a) Define (i) Political socialization (ii) political culture (b) Mention 5 agents of political socialization
(a) Differentaite between �capitalism� and �socialism� (b) Mention 4 features of Communism
(a) Define the following:- (i) Fascim (ii) Feudalism (iii) Totalitarianism (b) Discuss 5 features of feudalism
(a) (i)State the 3 principles of Rule of Law (ii) Mention 3 types of Rights and give one example (b) State 4 problems of the application of the rule of law
(a) Differentiate between �constitution� and �constitutionalism� (b) Mention 5 features of a constitution (c) State 2 merits of a written constitution

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